History of development

Development history

In 1956, on February 14, on the basis of the Shortandinsky Agricultural experimental station, the Kazakh Research Institute of Grain Farming, located 60 km away, was organized by the Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the USSR and the Central Committee of the CPSU for No. 253 from the city of Akmolinsk. The Institute then played the role of a zonal research institution in the system of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Kazakh SSR, then as part of the Kazakh Academy of Agricultural Sciences.

In 1961, taking into account the scale and importance of the country's food security, the Institute was awarded the status of the All-Union Research Institute of Grain Farming (AURIGF), which significantly expanded both the scope of the institute's activities and increased its responsibility for preserving the fertility of millions of hectares of land.

In 1967, by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, AURIGF was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor for the introduction of advanced methods of tillage and the creation of highly productive varieties of grain crops.
In 1972, for the first time in the history of agricultural science, a group of scientists of the institute, headed by its director Alexander Barayev, was awarded a high state award – the Lenin Prize, then the whole world learned about the Kazakh flagship of grain farming - AURIGF.
In 1985, the institute was headed by Academician Mekhlis Kasymovich Suleimenov, winner of the Presidential Prize for Peace and Spiritual Harmony. During this period, the staff of the institute developed the scientific foundations of intensive technologies for the cultivation of spring wheat, and proposed a new concept for the development of agricultural systems in the arid zone of Northern Kazakhstan.

In 1988, a group of scientists of the institute was awarded the USSR State Prize for the development and implementation of a complex of anti-erosion machines.

In 2000, studies began to be conducted on the study of minimum and zero technology of agricultural crops cultivation.

In 2007, the Institute was transformed into the “Scientific and Production Center of Grain Farming named after A. I. Barayev” LLP of “KazAgroInnovation” JSC. This was a new period of development of the Center, which coordinated the research work of 11 research enterprises, experimental stations and higher educational institutions of Northern and Central Kazakhstan.
Since 2020, as part of the NAO “Kazakh Agrotechnical University named after S. Seifullin”, the staff of the SPC GF named after A. I. Barayev performs no
less global tasks, following its mission: ensuring accelerated scientific and technological development of the agro-industrial complex economy of Northern and Central Kazakhstan through the diversification of crop production, the creation of high-quality and competitive varieties of agricultural crops, the development and implementation of innovative resource-saving agricultural technologies and the provision of scientific and educational services. 
During the period of its existence, the scientists of the Center created and submitted to the state variety testing more than 200 varieties, received 99 patents for breeding achievements, 12 innovative, 10 useful models, 6 inventions.
Today, looking back, we can say with confidence that the institute has formed its own scientific school and has developed a succession of generations. Many scientists, who came from the institute, headed and successfully worked in the leading research organizations of the CIS countries. But at the same time, it is difficult to overestimate the huge contribution of all the scientists, researchers and employees who devoted themselves to the establishment of the Scientific and Production Center of Grain Farming named after A. I. Barayev. Confirmation of the high scientific potential is that three academies, three laureates of the Lenin Prize, Two Heroes of Socialist Labor, two laureates of the State prize, more than candidates and five doctors of Science, the first Laureate of the presidential prize of the world and agreement were awarded. The bright pages in the agricultural science history of the country included the exported scientists. They have not only studied, but also improved the opening, which has become known as in Kazakhstan, as well as further for its obligations. These are academics and scientists Alexander Barayev, Valentin Kuzmin, Alexandra Zaitseva, Ervin Gossen, Mekhlis Suleimenov, Vladimir Movchan, Valery Kiryushin, Pavel Kolmakov, Alexander Buryakov, Akhylbek Kurishbayev, Zheksenbay Kaskarbayev and many-many heads and employees of the Center. Their experience and scientific achievements are a reliable basis for the work of a new generation of researchers. It is no coincidence that the names of each of them are inscribed in golden letters in the agricultural science history of independent Kazakhstan.
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